Management of agricultural component:
- Plots are grazed by breeding sheep with lambs in season (breeds used are appropriate to individual sites);
- Ewes and lambs are turned out after lambing;
- Lambs are removed at weaning;
- Ewes are removed at the start of winter when pastures would be damaged by further grazing;
- Pastures are maintained at common seasonal sward height profiles for upland and for lowland sites by "putting and taking" sheep based on weekly measurements of sward height;
- Grazed plots are based on ryegrass (Lolium perenne) dominated permanent pastures;
- Grazed pastures receive 150 kg nitrogen per hectare per annum in 4 applications;
- Phophorus and potassium are applied as required by local circumstances.
Management of forestry component:
- Trees are planted in a square grid pattern;
- Trees in agroforestry plots are individually protected by shelters or net guards;
- A 1m diameter spot was kept weed free for three years after planting;
- Both broadleaves and conifers are pruned to create a knot-free bole;
- Conifers are also pruned to minimise the sail effect of the canopy;
- Pruning is based upon an agreed protocol, details from Max Hislop.