The Basic Payment Scheme (the equivalent of the EU Pillar 1 payments) is expected to roll over until at least 2023, and possibly longer. To be eligible, farmers have to practise cross compliance with environmental and animal welfare regulations (the land has to be maintained under Good Environmental and Ecological Condition).
The ‘Greening’ component of the BPS (equivalent to Pillar 2) is applied for permanent pasture designated as environmentally sensitive grassland or Ecological Focus Areas (EFAs), with 5% of an arable farm to be in an EFA. There is a separate Forestry Grant Scheme.
Eligibility for Grant Funding – Basic Payment Scheme
Land parcels with fewer than 100 trees per hectare are eligible.
Parcels of grazed woodlands with more than 100 trees per hectare are eligible if the landowner can demonstrate a history of acceptable grazing practice and grazing is not damaging the ecological value of the site.
Land classed as an Ecological Focus Area, which includes:
Hedges up to 6 m wide within 5 m of, or contiguous with, arable land.
Agroforestry, if on arable land eligible for BPS since 2015 and planted with a Forestry Grant Scheme grant since 2015.
Eligibility for Grant Funding – Forestry Grant Scheme
Funding under the Woodland Creation component.
Small or Farm Woodland Option. Payment for initial planting of a small or farm woodland (minimum area 0.25 ha, maximum per wood 5 ha), and an annual maintenance payment for five years.
Agroforestry. Payment of an initial grant for planting of trees and an annual payment for five years at two rates, for 400 or 200 trees per hectare, on land used for sheep grazing or arable land.
Woodland Improvement grant. Single payment for a specialist to prepare a woodland grazing management plan using the Woodland Grazing Toolbox.
Sustainable Management of Forests. Annual payment to enhance biodiversity and encourage tree regeneration through controlled livestock grazing in native woodlands or plantations or ancient woodland sites that are actively being restored to native woodlands.
Small Woodlands Loan Scheme. Loans for small farmers, crofters and other small landowners to assist with the cost of implementing new Woodland Creation Schemes.
Last updated November 2021